Although India readily accepted the offer of Kosygin`s mediation on 23 September, Pakistan, after some hesitation, did so on 11 November 1965. Kosygin`s mediation efforts were also supported by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and British Prime Minister Harold Wilson. Shastri justified his decision to accept the Soviet mediation offer to Parliament: “No one can ever dispute the idea that India and Pakistan must finally live together as peaceful neighbours. We cannot therefore say no to the efforts that can contribute to the creation of such a situation made by those who are sincere and sincere in their feelings of goodwill and friendship. Before leaving for the capital of Uzbekistan, Shastri said in an interview with All India Radio (AIR): “Jawaharlalji said that the Soviet Union had given us many gifts; the most precious gift was the gift of friendship. I can do better than repeat those feelings. Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan met on 4 January 1966 in Tashkent. The two heads of state and government signed a pact called the Tashkent Declaration of 1966. The first Indo-Pakistan War, known as the First Kashmir War (October 22, 1947-January 5, 1949), took place shortly after the independence of India and Pakistan.
A ceasefire agreement has led to the establishment of the Line of Control (LOC) as the de facto border between India and Pakistan in Kashmir. VIII The Indian Prime Minister and the President of Pakistan agreed that the parties would continue to discuss issues related to refugee and forced displacement and illegal immigration. They also agreed that both sides would create conditions that would prevent the exodus of the population. They also agreed to discuss the return of assets and assets taken over by both sides in the conflict. In India, the people also criticized the agreement because the Pakistani president and the Indian prime minister did not sign a guerrilla pact in Kashmir. After the day of this declaration, Prime Minister Lal Bahadur died on the day of a sudden heart attack. After him, no one accepted this statement, and it was ignored by the next government. The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan to resolve the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war (August 5, 1965-September 23, 1965). It was signed in Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan, which in turn was part of one of the republics of the USSR. The main objective was to restore economic and diplomatic relations in the countries concerned, to stay away from the internal and external affairs of the other and to work towards the advancement of bilateral relations. On January 10, 1966, the Tashkent Declaration between India and Pakistan was signed after the unsuccessful 1965 war. This article will provide details of the historical statement as part of the IAS audit.
Before the ceasefire, after the 22-day war, on September 18, 1965, Russian Prime Minister (then Soviet) Alexei Kosygin offered “his good services for improving relations between India and Pakistan.” This was brought to the attention of the House of Representatives, where MPs who cut over partisan divides supported the ceasefire, but some of them wanted India to retain the Haji Pir passport that the army recently conquered to avoid infiltration. MEPs had foreseen that both countries would have to use the positions they had before the hostilities in all negotiations. Among the outstanding parliamentarians who congratulated the Prime Minister, Acharya J.B Kripalani and Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit. Pandit, elected by his famous brother in the Lok Sabha, said: “The story of Pakistan`s treachery and deception… It is shameful, but we are now a proud people, because we have given ambiguity… I`d love to… “the Prime Minister`s courageous leadership in this crisis.” After the independence of British rule, India remained a permanent threat to Pakistan`s security when congressional leaders soon began to reverse the division.